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The Centre - Presentation


Le CSGA

The Centre for Taste and Feeding Behaviour (CSGA) has been created the first of January 2010, and renewed in 2017. It belongs to AgroSup Dijon, the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique and the University of Burgundy.

The CSGA is composed of 10 research groups made up with 133 members with a permanent position (researchers, professors and assistant/professors, MD, engineers and technicians), and around 70 non tenured agents (PhD, post-doc, engineers and technicians).

The general objective is to get a better understanding of the physicochemical, molecular, cellular, behavioural and psychological mechanisms underlying sensory perception of food, eating behaviour and health consequences. The studies range from the release of aromatic substances and sapid molecules from the food matrix to the psychology and behaviour of consumer, through the biological events of sensory perceptions. Changes in sensory perception in physiological (development, experience) or pathological conditions (nutrient excess, aging) are studied.

The unit possesses worldwide acknowledged and complementary competences in key-thematic fields:
- chemical analysis of complexity (pheromones, odorants, sapid and trigeminal molecules,…),
- release of compounds from food matrices (role of chewing and saliva composition),
- analysis of the sensory, cognitive and behavioural phenomena associated to the treatment of sensory informations,
- analysis of the mechanisms involved in chemical communication and feeding/eating behaviours,
- role of the internal and external environment (metabolism, sensory exposure, development, culture et and society, metabolic state, pathologies).

CSGA participates to teaching dues through the University of Burgundy and AgroSup Dijon. CSGA has developed strong relationships with academic partners in health: INSERM laboratories, Dijon University Hospital, LabEx LipSTIC (ANR-11-LABX-0021-01). CSGA has built several partnerships with agrofood and pharmaceutical industries. The Centre is member of the Institut Carnot QUALIMENT « Qualité Nutritionnelle et Sensorielle des Aliments ». It participates to the « Territories, Environment, Food » axis of the I-SITE Bourgogne Franche-Comté project (contract ANR-15-IDEX-03). CSGA is part of the competitive cluster Vitagora.

Most of the projects are led in collaboration with public and private partners both at the national and international level.

Directeur

Head of the Centre

Lionel Bretillon

Lionel Bretillon is a researcher from the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) since 1999. After a PhD from Université Bordeaux II, he was a post-doctoral fellow at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm (Sweden), working on cholesterol homeostasis in the brain in connection with Alzheimer’s disease.
Between 2004 and 2017, L Bretillon co-chaired the Eye and Nutrition Research Group of the Flaveur, Vision et Comportement du Consommateur (FLAVIC) unit, before the group integrated the Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l’Alimentation (CSGA) in 2010.
Since January 2017, L Bretillon leads the Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l’Alimentation. Elected to the scientific boards of the Human Nutrition Department of INRA, and Dijon INRA Research Centre till 2016, L Bretillon is now president of the scientific board of the competitive cluster VITAGORA, member of the strategic board of the Cité Internationale de la Gastronomie et du Vin in Dijon, and member of the directorate of the University of Burgundy.
His works deal with the role of diet in the functioning and aging processes of the retina. Most studies involve translational approaches and are related to fatty acid and cholesterol homeostasis in the retina in physiological and pathological conditions (age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma). L Bretillon has been awarded in 2016 by the Fondation de France/Fondation de l’Oeil. He is co-authored of more than 90 peer-reviewed articles.